Does God Exist?
Simple explanations of common arguments for the existence of God and the deity of Jesus.

Proof of the Existence of God
A summary of four philosophical proofs of God’s existence.

The Ontological Argument
The claim that God doesn’t exist makes no more sense than the claim that four-sided triangles do. Objections to the Ontological Argument.

The First Cause Argument
From nothing, comes nothing. The universe simply cannot have popped into existence uncaused. Objections to the First Cause Argument.

The Argument from Design
The universe is exactly as it needs to be for human beings to flourish. Christianity can explain this; atheism cannot. Objections to the Argument from Design.

The Moral Argument
Morality consists of a set of authoritative commands. Only God could issue such commands. Objections to the Moral Argument.

Arguments Against the Existence of God
Attempts to prove that atheism is true.

Is Faith Just Wishful Thinking?
Is religious belief just an emotional crutch for those unable to cope with the reality of life without God?

The Problem of Evil
If God knows how to, wants to, and is able to prevent suffering, then why doesn’t he prevent it?

The Paradox of the Stone
Can God create a stone so heavy that he cannot lift it?

Religious Pluralism and Tolerance
Must we abandon the absolute truth-claims of Chrianity in order to be tolerant of those of other faiths?

Can Evolution Explain Our Origins?
Can Darwin’s theory of evolution remove the mystery from the question of human origins?

Lord, Liar, or Lunatic?
Jesus was either much less than, or much more than, a great human being.

Evidence for the Resurrection
The historical evidence surrounding the resurrection defies explanation in naturalistic terms.

Antony Flew Abandons Atheism
Atheist figurehead Antony Flew has changed his mind on the question of God’s existence, citing the argument to design as the reason.

Ravi Zacharias Addresses Latter Day Saints
Evangelicals and Mormons come together for a landmark event in Salt Lake City.

Christians Protest as BBC Screens Springer Musical
Blasphemous shows goes to air despite strong opposition from Christian groups.

The Meaning of Life
If there is no Creator of life then there can be no meaning of life.

Christian Apologetics Books
Equipping Christians to defend the faith.

Christian Apologetics and Evangelism Sites
More on the existence of God. See also the Christian Charities page.

If you have any comments about the site, then please feel free to send them to me by e-mail.

Author Information The Christian Gospel

  Existence of God

Antony Flew Abandons Atheism
Former Atheist Believes in God on Basis of Argument to Design

For years, Antony Flew has been a figurehead for atheists. Now, though, he has abandoned his atheism and accepted the existence of God. In a recent interview for Philosophia Christi with Gary Habermas, Flew explained his new beliefs. Though Flew has not embraced Christianity, he now accepts the existence of God, saying that he “had to go where the evidence leads”.


This is not the first time that it has been reported that Flew has changed his mind. Twice before, in 2001 and 2003 respectively, it was rumoured that Flew had turned to Christianity; each time Flew quashed the rumours himself. This time, though, the reports are accurate; we have it from Flew himself.

Who is Antony Flew?

Antony Flew is not just any atheist. For decades, he has been a dominant figure in the philosophy of religion, among the most influential of atheist philosophers. He lectured on philosophy at the University of Oxford and the University of Aberdeen, and subsequently held professorships at the University of Keele and the University of Reading. He is the author of the celebrated essays “Theology and Falsification” and “The Presumption of Atheism”, and many monographs including Atheistic Humanism and Merely Mortal?: Can You Survive Your Own Death?. He has also represented atheism in published oral debates with William Lane Craig, Gary Habermas, and Thomas Warren.

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What does Flew now believe?

Flew has not become a Christian; he has merely accepted the existence of God. He has described his new position as a form of deism. Deists accept that there is a God responsible for creating the universe, but reject claimed special revelation such as the Bible.

For Flew, this rejection of special revelation is not non-negotiable; Flew expresses an openness to the possibility of special revelation, and acknowledges that there is some evidence supporting the view that the Bible is such, but he makes it clear that his present view is that God does not intervene, and has not intervened, in human affairs since Creation.

What changed Flew’s mind?

Although Flew now believes that the case for the existence of God is powerful, he continues to reject outright the ontological, cosmological, and moral arguments for God’s existence.


For Flew, it is the argument from design that shows that the existence of God is probable. He has been impressed by recent scientific developments that suggest that the universe is the product of intelligent design. “It now seems to me that the findings of more than fifty years of DNA research have provided materials for a new and enormously powerful argument to design,” explains Flew.

Flew cites Gerald Schroeder’s work The Hidden Face of God and Roy Abraham Varghese’s The Wonder of the World: A Journey from Modern Science to the Mind of God as particularly impressive. In the foreword to the new (and final) edition of his God and Philosophy, which Flew now describes as “an historical relic”, he acknowledges that the argument from design “becomes progressively more powerful with every advance in humankind’s knowledge of the integrated complexity of what used to be called the ‘system of nature’.” As this progress continues, perhaps more will follow Flew’s lead in conceding ground to theism.

Atheist Response

For atheists, this shift in Flew’s beliefs is highly embarrassing. To have such a prominent atheist accept the case for God’s existence is a major blow. To see how major a blow, consider the words of’s resident atheist Austin Cline on October 16th, 2004:

“Have you read the news about Antony Flew abandoning atheism? This would be big news because Flew is one of the most prominent atheist philosophers of the 20th century. It would be big news, that is, if it were true.”

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Cline is spot-on both on Flew’s status among atheists and on the significance of his abandonment of atheism. His initial dismissal of the news as wishful thinking by believers (“Is it any wonder that so many nonbelievers look upon religion as little more than wish-fulfillment writ large? It seems as though almost anything even vaguely related to their religion can become infected by the same viral error of logic”) was too hasty, however, as Flew has now confirmed.

Some atheists have tried to explain Flew’s shift in thinking by his age; Flew is now 81, and so, it has been suggested, is professing belief in God just in case he soon has to give account of his life to his Maker. That is clearly not the case; Flew remains adamant that there is no afterlife—disembodied existence, he maintains (as he has always maintained) is impossible. In any case, Flew is not professing the kind of belief that any religion says will get you into heaven; he still rejects all purported divine revelation, including the Bible, the Koran, and any other example you’d care to mention. There’s no way that Flew, suddenly facing his own mortality, is trying to cover his bases just in case God exists. What has happened, is seems, is what he says has happened: he has gone where the evidence leads.